Friday, July 17, 2009

Are you Hypertensive?

What is hypertension? It is a condition which can result when the arterial diameter is reduced or when the volume flowing through the arteries is increased. Increased pressure caused by reduced diameter of the arteries plays a greater role in hypertension. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 or ranges between 90/60 to 140/90. When higher than 140/90, blood pressure is usually described as hypertension.

Probable Causes:
1. High sodium intake. sodium (salt) and other dietary factors have been studied to see whether they play a role in the development of hypertension. Studies shown that mild restriction of sodium can produce a modest but definite fall in blood pressure.
2. Kidney diseases
3. Various hormonal imbalances
If hypertension goes unchecked, the result is heart failure which may lead to further problems such as stroke and kidney damage.

Probable Symptoms:
1. Breathlessness
2. Nose bleeding with no apparent cause
3. Severe headache localized in some part of the head, which occur in early morning hours, accompanied by nausea, and vision becoming progressively worse.
4. Dizziness when diastolic pressure is above 110
In most cases, there are no signs or symptoms. Hence regular blood pressure checkup is vital.

Dietary Management:
1. Eat a lowsalt diet, at the same time, lowfat diet.
2. Include foods high in potassium
3. Lose weight (for overweights)

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